Andrew will explore the following:

  • some fundamental concepts
  • recording what exists
  • what to do when a system fails
  • re-use of existing equipment
  • calculations and rules-of-thumb
  • installation – materials, aesthetics, locations and use
  • controls and operation
  • some electrical matters


Air conditioning of buildings is not a 20th Century invention. Henrik Schoenefeldt reports on the systems employed in the Houses of Parliament in the 1840s. The most successful system of the period (designed by the same ‘engineer’) was in Liverpool and first came into use in 1851. This system was still in use in 1984, although by that time there was no cooling facility and it relied solely on stack ventilation.

  • What can we learn from the 19th Century building services pioneers?
  • An in-depth study of a public building from the 1850s reveals marked similarities with an award-winning exemplar from the 21st Century
  • Are we trying to reinvent the wheel?


The Houses of Parliament is facing a major refurbishment, which provides the unique opportunity to re-examine the original 19th-century stack-ventilation system and explore how far it could be re-utilised.

  • Combining building surveys with archival research and technical analysis
  • Anatomical reconstruction of original systems
  • Re-examining historic performance
  • New insights into the historic methods of Building Performance Evaluations


  • The facility management has a big impact on our health & wellbeing
  • The importance of how designed space is used on an operational level: some common pitfalls to avoid
  • What impact can environmental factors have on building users?
  • Summary of Building Use Studies surveys from Innovate UK’s Building Performance Evaluation programme


The Biophilic Office research project provides an evidence base for the benefits of biophillic design and its contribution to the health & wellbeing of workers; a proven design methodology for implementation; and a robust test for products in terms understanding their contribution to improved health & wellbeing aspects of a building renovation.

  • What are the kinds of interventions which have worked?
  • Improving connections to nature in buildings
  • Case study – refurbishment of BRE building
  • What impacts can biophillic design have on acoustics, lighting, IAQ?
  • What can data tell us about health & wellbeing in building occupants
  • What practical steps and cost-effective interventions can office owners take to improve the health & wellbeing of workers?
  • How can the benefits be measured and implemented into the decision-making process?
  • How can health & wellbeing improvements be attributed to particular products?


Occupant satisfaction
This presentation covers what are the key parameters? What is the role of POE?

CIBSE guidance on sustainability, health and wellbeing: updates
Session will provide an overview of the upcoming updates to CIBSE Guide L Sustainability and CIBSE TM40 Health and Wellbeing, covering a wide range of topics including the circular economy, carbon reduction strategies, air quality, lighting, thermal comfort, and post-occupancy evaluation.
The upcoming guidance includes:

  • Regulations
  • Performance and design criteria
  • Design and operation
  • Synergies and possible conflicts between environment and health & wellbeing objectives
  • Emerging themes: research and design solutions


How can we define wellbeing? And if it can be defined, how can we measure it in a meaningful way? What do we mean by wellbeing in the context of building performance?

  • AQ, ventilation, water quality and availability, electromagnetic effects, acoustic environment, humidity, lighting
  • Quantifying productivity, quantifying design calculations in revenue terms
  • Combining PMV & daylight factors


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